朗阁首页 > 头条资讯>朗阁动态 > 【雅思培训】学术类阅读考点解析之词与同义替换(1)

【雅思培训】学术类阅读考点解析之词与同义替换(1)

来源:朗阁教育12-07-31编辑:PMC_ivy0人看过

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雅思学术类阅读包含三篇写作方式多样的文章,总计长度约在2000到2750字之间,考生需要在60分钟内解答40道题目,平均1.5分钟就要解决一道题,在答题时间上要求还是比较高的,因此掌握一定的词汇量和做题技巧是非常有必要的。

       雅思学术类阅读包含三篇写作方式多样的文章,总计长度约在20002750字之间,考生需要在60分钟内解答40道题目,平均1.5分钟就要解决一道题,在答题时间上要求还是比较高的,因此掌握一定的词汇量和做题技巧是非常有必要的。此外,文章选材范围广泛,题型多样化,专业术语时常出现,这让很多考生对雅思阅读失去了信心。为了能够在拥有一定词汇量的基础上快速提高雅思阅读,这就要求我们要深入了解雅思阅读的考点所在。

 

      纯粹的单词考点

 

      雅思文章的内容包含教育,科技,人文,生物,历史等等。如果想要在短时间内理解一篇文章的大致意思,考生还是要具备一定的词汇量的。一般说来考生要具备6000-8000个单词,核心词汇也要掌握5000左右,否则在考试中考查纯粹单词的题目中,因单词不认识而导致的失分会很可惜。例如:

 

      1. C5T1P1 It took into account subtleties of meaning.

      解析:subtlety意为细微的差别,微妙之处,如果单词认识的话,很快与文中的Johnson treated English very practically, as a living language, with different shades of meaning. 对应上,意思是作者都考虑到了单词意思的细微之处。

 

      2. C5T1P3 Environmentalists take a pessimistic view of the world for a number of reasons.

      解析:根据Environmentalists我们可以定位到原文信息For many environmentalists, the world seems to be getting worse. 如果不知道pessimistic悲观的的意思,不能与getting worse对应上,就无法判断这道题为YES

 

      3. C6T4P1 It is legitimate for drug companies to make money.

      解析:Legitimate意为合法的,合情合理的,与文中信息Pharmaceutical companies have every right to make a profit.相匹配,在此right权利的意思,故答案为YES.

 

      4. C6T4P3   What were the findings of research carried out in Norway?

        A. Bullying declined by 50% after an anti-bullying campaign.

        B. Twenty-one schools reduced bullying as a result of an anti-bullying campaign.

        C. Two years is the optimum length for an anti-bullying campaign.

        D. Bullying is a less serious problems in Norway than in the UK.

      解析:通过Norway定位到原文In Norway, after an intervention campaign was introduced nationally, an evaluation of forty-two schools suggested that, over a two-year period ,bullying was halved. 意思为:在挪威,经过一次全国范围的干预运动之后,对42所学校的一项评估显示,在两年多的时间内欺凌行为减少了一半。在教学中笔者发现很多同学不知道optimum最佳的,最理想的意思,因此误选C。虽然有些学生也不知道anti-bullying campaign是什么意思,但是三个选项中都出现了因此不会造成太大干扰,同学有可能会把它与intervention campaign对应起来。但是如果看不出halve.....减半的意思,就很难与正确选项A中突然出现的50%对应起来。

 

      5. C7T2P1 Shuzo Ishida performs experiments in order to

         A. improve skyscraper design.

         B. be able to build mew pagodas.

         C. learn about dynamics of pagodas.

         D. understand ancient mathematics.

      解析:根据人名Shuzo Ishida定位到文中:Mr Ishida, known to his students as ''Professor Pagoda'' because of his passion to understand the pagoda,has built a series of models and tested them on a ''shake-table'' in his laboratory. 如果不理解perform experiment做实验的意思,就不会与文中的in his laboratory联系起来,如果不认识dynamics, 就很难跟''shake-table''对应上,dynamics意为动力学,动态,力度,正确选项为C, 而在教学中笔者发现由于单词不认识,一些学生凭借想象最终误选B

 

      6. C8T2P1 The metal used in the float process had to have specific properties.

      解析:根据metalfloat process定位到文中第三段第五行The metal had to metal at a temperature less than the hardening point of glassabout 6000, but could not boil at a temperature below the temperature of the molten glassabout 1500. The best metal for the job was tin. 文中详细表达了用于制作玻璃时金属的要求,对熔点和沸点都有特殊的要求,最适合的金属就是锡,显然有特定的属性。而题目中的properties不认识,导致这题误选NG

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