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【雅思培训】朗阁教师讲解剑桥雅思阅读长难句

来源:朗阁教育12-07-06编辑:PMC_ivy0人看过

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        1.     A modern hard-core sociobiologist might even go so far as to claim that this aggressive instinct evolved as an advantageous trait, having been of survival value to our ancestors in their struggle against the hardships of life on the plains and in the carves, ultimately finding its way into our genetic make-up as a remnant of our ancient animal ways.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2

      分析:本句的主句为A modern hard-core sociobiologist might even go so far as to claim that;其中that this aggressive instinct evolved as an advantageous trait, having been of survival value to our ancestors in their struggle against the hardships of life on the plains and in the carves, ultimately finding its way into our genetic make-up as a remnant of our ancient animal ways.”that引导的宾语从句,做claim的宾语;在宾语从句中having been of survival value to our ancestors in their struggle against the hardships of life on the plains and in the carves为现在分词短语作状语,在该宾语从句中做原因状语,“ultimately finding its way into our genetic make-up as a remnant of our ancient animal ways.”也是现在分词短语做状语,在该宾语从句中做时间状语。

 

      2.     An alternative to this notion of genetic programming is to see the teacher-subjects’ actions as a result of the social environment under which the experiment was carried out.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2

      分析:本句的主句为“An alternative to this notion of genetic programming is to see the teacher-subjects’ actions as a result of the social environment”;其中“to see the teacher-subjects’ actions as a result of the social environment”为不定式作表语宾语;under which the experiment was carried out.为宾语从句,关系词为which, the social environment的定语。

 

      3.     An action such as shocking a victim, which in isolation appears evil, acquires a completely different meaning when placed in this setting.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2

      分析:本句主句为An action such as shocking a victim acquires a completely different meaningwhich in isolation appears evil为定语从句,关系词为which, An action的定语;when placed in this setting为时间状语从句。

 

      4.     Thus, in this explanation the subject merges his unique personality and personal and moral code with that of larger institutional structures, surrendering individual properties like loyalty, self-sacrifice and discipline to the service of malevolent systems of authority.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2

      分析:本句的主句为the subject merges his unique personality and personal and moral code with that of larger institutional structures“surrendering individual properties like loyalty, self-sacrifice and discipline to the service of malevolent systems of authority.”为现在分词短语作状语,做主句的伴随状语。

 

      5.     Here we have two radically different explanations for why so many teacher-subjects were willing to forgo their sense of personal responsibility for the sake of an institutional authority figure.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2

      分析:本句的主句为we have two radically different explanations for why…why so many teacher-subjects were willing to forgo their sense of personal responsibility for the sake of an institutional authority figure.”why引导的宾语从句,作介词for的宾语。

 

      6.     One form of pollution –the release of greenhouse gases that causes global warming –does appear to be a phenomenon that is going to extend well into our future, but its total impact is unlikely to pose a devastating problem.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3

      分析:本句为并列句,One form of pollution does appear to be a phenomenonbut its total impact is unlikely to pose a devastating problem并列,由but连接;破折号中内容为解释说明部分,解释One form of pollutionthat is going to extend well into our future”为定语从句,做a phenomenon的定语,关系词为that

 

      7.     Yet opinion polls suggest that many people nurture the belief that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality.(剑5, Test 1 passage 3

      分析:本句的主句为opinion polls suggest that…;其中that many people nurture the belief that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and realitythat引导的宾语从句,作suggest的宾语;that environmental standards are declining and four factors seem to cause this disjunction between perception and reality.”that引导的同位语从句,做the belief的同位语,并且在该同位语从句中,environmental standards are decliningfour factors seem to cause this disjunction betwee

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